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英语强调句型
 2008-10-13   

Sentence 1:

    It was about 20 years ago that Joe got married.

     [中文翻译]正是在大约20年前Joe成了家。

    [学习笔记]在肯定句中,强调句型的结构为:It is/was+被强调部分+that引导的从句(如果被强调部分是人,也可用who代替that)。被强调的部分通常是句子的主语、宾语或状语,这种句型不能强调谓语或定语。

    注意:强调谓语用do的各种形式+动词原形

    如:I do love you. 我是真的爱你。

    I did love you. 我确实曾经爱过你。

    He does hate her. 他确实恨她。

    Sentence 2:

    Was it you that I saw last night in the cinema?

    [中文翻译]昨天在电影院我看到的确实是你吗?

    [学习笔记]在一般疑问句中,强调句的结构为:Is/Was it+被强调部分+that/who.

    Sentence 3:

    Who was it that broke the window yesterday?

    [中文翻译]到底是谁昨天打破了窗户?

    [学习笔记]在特殊疑问句中,强调句的结构为:被强调部分(由疑问代词或疑问副词充当)+is/was+it+that/who.

    Sentence 4:

    It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a famous film star.

    [中文翻译]直到她摘下深色眼镜我才意识到她是一位著名的电影明星。

    [学习笔记]记住固定用法:It is/was not until+时间+that…,“正是直到……才……”。

    Sentence 5:

    (1)It might be Joe that you are thinking of.

    (2)It must have been his sister that you saw.

    [中文翻译]

    (1)你所关心的可能正是Joe吧;

    (2)你看到的想必是他的姐妹。

    [学习笔记]记住强调句的两种其他结构:

    (1)It might be … that …

    (2)It must have been … that …

    Exercises:1. It is not who is right but what is right _____ is of importance. (2007 重庆,27)

    A. which        B. it        C. that        D. this

    2. It _____ we had stayed together for a couple of weeks _____ I found we had a lot in common. (2007 浙江,10)

    A. was until; when         B. was until; that C. wasn‘t until; when    D. wasn’t until; that

    3. I don‘t mind her criticizing me, but _____ is how she does it that I object to. (2007 江西,34)

    A. it           B. that           C. this           D. which

    4. ——Where did you get to know her?

    ——It was on the farm _____ you worked. (2007 山东,30)

    A. that        B. there        C. which        D. where

    5. —— _____ that he managed to get the information?

    ——Oh, a friend of his helped him. (2005 山东,31)

    A. Where was it              B. What was it C. How was it                  D. Why was it

    Keys: 1.C; 2.D; 3.A; 4.A; 5.C

 
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